Max retries has been reached, 503!

503 Service Unavailable error on a shop hosted on shared cPanel server, apache error log:

tail /usr/local/apache/logs/error_log

2022-04-29 11:04:21.728438 [T0] [31.32.33.34:49768-H3:3D8F707E6843B0DF-0#APVH_XXXXXX.com:443] Max retries has been reached, 503!
2022-04-29 11:04:21.728438 [NOTICE] [186810] [T0] [31.32.33.34:49768-H3:3D8F707E6843B0DF-0#APVH_XXXXXX.com:443] oops! 503 Service Unavailable
2022-04-29 11:04:21.728443 [NOTICE] [186810] [T0] [31.32.33.34:49768-H3:3D8F707E6843B0DF-0#APVH_XXXXXX.com:443] Content len: 0, Request line: ‘GET / HTTP/1.1’
2022-04-29 11:04:21.728448 [INFO] [186810] [T0] [31.32.33.34:49768-H3:3D8F707E6843B0DF-0#APVH_XXXXXX.com:443] abort request…, code: 4
2022-04-29 11:04:21.728499 [INFO] [186810] [T0] [31.32.33.34:49768-H3:3D8F707E6843B0DF-0#APVH_XXXXXX.com:443] File not found [/home/username/public_html/503.shtml]

In my case, the user is hitting these limits because both PHP suEXEC Max Conn and NPROC are set to 100 and user is hitting this number.

So to fix it, there are two options:

  1. Set PHP suEXEC Max Conn limit lower than NPROC limits
  2. Disable PHP suEXEC completely
  3. Change PHP version or handler to something different than suEXEC

Change Suexec limits

Since I also use CloudLinux on this server, I also have to take into consideration the LVE limits and make sure that Suexec limits in LSWS are lower than EP and NPROC limits defined in Cloudlinux.

To change Limits, navigate to LiteSpeed WebAdmin Console at SERVER:7080

From the terminal set a new user/password by running the script:

/usr/local/lsws/admin/misc/admpass.sh

After logging in the LSWS WebAdmin Console navigate to Server > General > Using Apache Configuration File and set PHP suEXEC Max Conn to a number lower than NPROC:

In my case, NPROC is set to 200, so I will set 45 for suEXEC

Now just restart LSWS and the website should load as expected.


Disable PHP suEXEC

To disable PHP suEXEC server-wide navigate to WHM > LiteSpeed > LiteSpeed configuration

Select PHP suEXEC Quick Configuration

And disable it.


Change PHP version

From WHM > MultiPHP Manager > User Domain Settings find the domain and change the PHP version:

whoami
Stefan Pejcic
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