In cases of server crash in Linux, we need to recover data from the machine using the recovery/rescue mode. We can enable chroot in the recovery console, so users can start essential services and use it to generate MySQL database backup.
Initially, when you chroot in recovery console, you will get the following error:
[root@recovery ~]# chroot /mnt
chroot: failed to run command `/bin/bash': No such file or directory
This error means that there is no
/bin/bash directory inside chroot. Make sure you point it to where
bash (or other shell’s) executable is in
If you have
/mnt/somedir/usr/bin/bash then execute
chroot /mnt/somedir /usr/bin/bash.
Apart from the above, you also need to add
libc directory dependencies, as mentioned in the answer here.
Now, if the machine crashed, follow the steps below to resolve:
mount /dev/vda1 /mnt
mount --bind /dev /mnt/dev
mount --bind /proc /mnt/proc
mount --bind /sys /mnt/sys
mount --bind /bin /mnt/bin
Once it is done, you will be able to chroot to the mounted directory.